Archives tagged ‘Casa Museo Eduardo Frei Montalva’

Original Guayasamin’s etchings in La Granja district

Within the framework of anniversary activities, from April 4th to April 30th, Casa Museo Eduardo Frei Montalva together with Centro Cultural Espacio Matta of La Granja invite you to discover “Guayasamin en Chile, 1969″, an exhibition of the etchings of the Ecuadorian artist, given to the former president during his visit to Chile.
The exhibition may be visited from Monday to Sunday, in Centro Cultural Espacio Matta (Santa Rosa 9014). Free admission. [Read complete article]

 

A stand with Eduardo Frei Montalva’s vision at FILSA 2012

Two books written by the former President and reediting by Eduardo Frei Montalva House Museum; Chile desconocido (1937) and El mandato de la historia y las exigencias del provenir (1975) will be launched on Monday, November 5, in the XXXII version of Feria Internacional del Libro de Santiago (FILSA) –International Book Fair of Santiago-. [Read complete article]

 

Object of the Month: Eduardo Frei Montalva and the Vatican

The close relationship between former President, Eduardo Frei Montalva (hereinafter EFM) and the Vatican is truly reflected in his personal and political life. This relationship is one of the aspects that led to the foundation of the Falange party and the Agrarian Reform, among other events. [Read complete article]

 

Medal – First Year of the Pontificate of Pope Paul VI

 

Medal – From the French-Latin American Group from the French Senate to Eduardo Frei

 

Moving

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Mounting

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Eduardo Frei Montalva’s Personal Library

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Coin – Centenary of Rubén Darío’s birth anniversary

 

Medal – Visit of Queen Elizabeth II of England to Chile

 

Biography of Eduardo Frei Montalva

In 1949, Frei was elected Senator for Atacama and Coquimbo. He published his latest book “Historia de los Partidos Políticos Chilenos” (“History of Chilean Political Parties”) in colaboration with Albert Edwards Vives. In 1950, he traveled to New York as a UN delegate. In 1952, at 41 years of age, Frei Montalva announced his candidacy in the presidential elections.

Carlos Ibañez del Campo was elected President. Later, he would request Frei to organize an executive committee. However, this never came to be. In 1954, the UN appointed him President of the Commission in charge of elaborating the report of the Conference of Chancellors held in Rio de Janeiro. Some of its members were: Carlos Lleras Restrepo, former President of Colombia, and Raúl Prenisch director of ECLAC. The report served as a basis for subsequent studies on economic development and the integration of Latin America.

In 1956 he was elected Senator in Santiago by first majority.

On July 27th, 1957, the Falange Nacional becomes the Democratic Christian Party. Eduardo Frei Montalva was offered the candidacy for president of the Republic in the 1958 elections. Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez was elected president while Eduardo Frei Montalva took third place.

During these years he published three more books: “Sentido y Forma de una Política” (“Meaning and Shape of Politics”), “La Verdad Tiene Su Hora” (“Truth Has Its Time”), y “Pensamiento y Acción” (“Thought and Action”).

bio3In 1960, he lectured at conference “The Mission of Universities in Latin America” in Montevideo; a widely promoted conference at that time.

In 1961, he was elected President of the First World Christian Democratic Party Congress, held in Santiago, Chile. The congress was attended by delegations from throughout Latin America, European, North American, and African countries.

That year he was invited as special guest to a seminar on the problems of Developing Nations, held at Oxford University. The seminar was attended by delegates from all over the world.

Between 1960 and 1962, he lectured at Columbia University on problems in Latin America. In 1962, he gave a conference at Notre Dame University on the development and the integration of Latin American countries.

On September 4th, 1964, having one of the highest turnouts in Chilean history, Eduardo Frei Montalva was elected President of the Republic of Chile. He then, took office on November 4th of the same year.

In 1965, he started a presidential tour through France, the United Kingdom, Federal Republic of Germany, Italy and the Vatican. During this time, he also visited countries in Latin America such as: Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, and Venezuela; places where he delivered important speeches on international issues.

On his return, he initiated important plans involving housing, education, reforestation, land reform, health, and the nationalization of copper. The Comisión Nacional de Cultura (National Culture Comission), the Consejería Nacional de la Promoción Popular and the Juntas de Vecinos (“Neighborhood Committees”) were created.

1966 is the year of the Andean Group, officially created through its Declaration, signed in January 1965. However, the group culminated with the famous speech delivered by Eduardo Frei Montalva in Plaza Bolívar, Bogota. The same year the pacts on Chilean copper are signed.

bio4In January, 1967 the National Congress refused his constitutional permission to travel to the United States where he has been invited by President Lyndon B. Johnson. In April, he participates in the Meeting of Presidents from American countries, carried out in Montevideo, Uruguay.

In 1970, he was awarded with the Doctor Honoris Causa title by the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.

On November 4th, he left office, handing over the Presidency to Salvador Allende Gossens.

In 1971, he gave conferences at universities in Dayton, Ohio, Boston, and the Council of the Americas in New York.

In the 1973 parlamentary elections he was elected Senator for Santiago by a first majority. He was also appointed as President of the Senate.

He published a new book entitled “Un Mundo Nuevo” (“A New World”)

On September 11th, 1973, after the coup d’etát, the Armed Forces rose to power; President Salvador Allende commited suicide. The Parliament was disolved and the political parties were left in recession.

Between 1973 and 1977, Eduardo Frei Montalva was invited to different countries and participated in conferences, such as: The Altlantic Conference in 1976.

In 1975 he published his book “El Mandato de la Historia y las Exigencias del Porvenir” (“The Mandate of History and Demands of the Future“), and in 1977 his quintiessential book “América Latina: Opción y Esperanza” (“Latin America: Option and Hope”) which has been translated into several languages.

In the period between 1977 and 1982, he was invited to participate in the Brandt Comission, led by Willy Brandt. As a member, he attended meetings held in Germany, Switzerland, Mali, United States, Malasia, France, Austria, Belgium, and Great Britain. As a Brandt Commission delegate he engaged with important executives from IDB, OAS, and ECLAC.

In 1980, he participated in the Meeting of Former Democrat Presidents of Latin America held in Caracas, Venezuela.

In 1981, he was invited to the Club of Rome International Conference on the “Alternatives for Humanity: Latin America Mission” also held in Caracas. His last book “El Mensaje Humanista” (“The Humanist Message”) was published.

On January 22nd, 1982, Eduardo Frei Montalva dies in Santiago, six days after turning 71.

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Education Program

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In Chile, traditional teaching of political history is mainly supported by textbooks, in which the human and family side of protagonists and leaders is relegated to a secondary role.

Thus, a House Museum set with the original belongings of such an important former Head of State as Eduardo Frei Montalva, will serve as a promotional didactic resource and make use of this patrimony as an inspirational source for education. Likewise, our Museum will expand, complement and/or supplement the approaches of historiography.

Our House Museum imparts a program with educational activities, and enlightens the republican tradition of our country as our visitors get to know a family with a high sense of public service, thus connecting the contents of the museum with the academic interests of teachers and students.

The design of this program places it as a reliable support for the teaching-learning process on subjects referred to the history of our country; an historical period that held remarkable events surrounding the social and economical development of the republican and democratic history of Chile.

These subject matter lines are a result of the study and alignment of the Transversal Fundamental Objectives (OFT), Vertical Fundamental Objectives (OFV) and Minimum Mandatory Contents (CMO) from fifth grade to fourth year of High School.

For the first and second transition level (NT1, NT2) the visit will consist in “The relationship with the cultural and natural environment”, teaching about “Human groups, styles of life and relevant events”.

Regarding the other levels NB1 (1° and 2° grade) and NB2 (3° and 4° grade) the subjects in matter chosen for this particular pedagogical area, will be dealing with “Comprehension of the Natural, Social and Cultural environment”.

The core of the education program from 5° grade to fourth year of High School has been prepared according to the mandatory curricular contents, “History, Geography and Social Sciences”. This educational program is based on ten main subjects, covered through guided tours and gone over differently depending on the nature of our visitors. The main subjects are: diversity, civil rights and the democratic system, daily life during the 1960s; cultural heritage and national identity; Latin America and the world; the Christian Democracy and “Social Christianism”; political history of Chile; economic diversity; social justice and revolution in liberty, political governing and the administrative division of territory.

The education program from 5° grade to first year of High School is updated according to the curricular calendar, presented by the MINEDUC, plan which has been functioning since March of 2010. The House Museum has implemented evaluation indicators following the national assessment educational progress calendar. In this way, we are fostering critical thinking based on every student’s personal experience, about the troubled social reality and the active and critical participation focused on the blend of interpretations between the past and present time.

For those in second to fourth year in High School, the education programs have maintained the same educational curricular programs.

In order to comply with this program, our Museum is provided with a qualified guiding team specialized in History, and is supported by information technologies. Thus, visitors and students are able to tour and experience this house in an inviting and didactic way.

The museum collection includes: furniture, art works, photographs, original decoration objects, personal belongings of former President Eduardo Frei Montalva and his family, books from his personal library, diplomas, documents and titles.

This out of classroom experience will, without a doubt, enrich the learning of recent Chilean history. Furthermore, this patrimonial property enables visitors to learn through different strategies: through the senses (based on perception); logically (by means of concepts), and intuitively, through values.